Blood pressure is a measure of the force at which your hear pumps the blood through the body against the walls of various arteries. Represented systolic against the diastolic blood pressure – example 120/80 mmHg- any of the two could be higher than usual. We haven’t test the Vasayo product for this yet but the Vasayo Review we read had some better facts.
Hypertension occurs when the blood pressure exceeds 140/90 mmHg. There is the normal blood pressure increase from time to time in life. This may come with stress or anxiety. However, consistently rising pressure even at rest indicates high blood pressure.
Causes and risk factors
There is no apparent cause of hypertension in most cases. It is thus called primary hypertension. Certain medical conditions such as heart and kidney problems could be the cause of such increase in blood pressure. This is referred to as secondary hypertension.
Using certain medications could also cause an increase in the blood pressure. These include birth control pills and other over-the-counter drugs. Discontinued medications could either bring back the pressure to norm or may not.
High blood pressure is likely to develop in some cases. You may not change certain factors while others may be controlled- such as lifestyle and exercising. Some of the risk factors that cannot be changed and contribute to hypertension include:
- If you have a family history of his condition
- If you have diabetes
- If you are from a certain race: African-Americans are more likely to develop high blood pressure
- Age- elderly people are at a higher risk of getting hypertension than younger people
- Gender- women are more likely to have hypertension than men especially those above 65 years
Other risk factors can be avoided. They include:
- Being overweight
- Too much alcohol drinking
- Lack of enough exercise
- Sleep apnea
- Poor eating habits and unbalanced diets
- Taking too much salt in the foods
Note: secondary hypertension is often caused by the following medical conditions:
- Chronic kidney disorders
- Renal artery stenosis (narrowing of the artery supplying blood into the kidney)
- Use of diet pills, birth controls, migraine drugs and some cold medications
- Disorder of the adrenal gland
Note: in most cases, patients may fail to show any symptoms. It is, therefore, advisable that you get regular checkups from your healthcare giver so as to establish any blood pressure problems.
Diagnosis and treatment
Using a blood pressure monitor, the doctor will check on the levels of your blood pressure during diagnosis. This is a device that records the SBP (systolic blood pressure) and the DBP (diastolic blood pressure). Depending on the seriousness, there a number of HP types:
- Pre-hypertension: 120/80 mmHg or higher
- Hypertensive crisis: 180/110 mmHg or higher (this is life-threatening)
- Stage 1 HBP: 140/90 mmHg or more
- Stage 2 HBP: 160/100 mmHg or more
Treatment is based on the diagnosis report for an effective prescription. Other diagnosis measures for proper treatment may include:
- Blood tests
- Chest x-ray
- Urine tests
- Electrocardiogram (ECG)
- CT scan
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